Length/Distance

# Convert from chain [Gunter, survey] to mile [survey, US]

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Unit Definition (chain [Gunter, survey])
The chain is a unit of distance formerly used by surveyors. The traditional British surveyor's chain, also called Gunter's chain because it was introduced by the English mathematician Edmund Gunter (1581-1626) in 1620, is 4 rods long: that's equal to exactly 1/80 mile, 1/10 furlong, 22 yards, or 66 feet (20.1168 meters). The traditional length of a cricket pitch is 1 chain. Gunter's chain has the useful property that an acre is exactly 10 square chains. The chain was divided into 100 links. American surveyors sometimes used a longer chain of 100 feet, known as the engineer's chain or Ramsden's chain. (However, Gunter's chain is also used in the U.S.; in fact, it is an important unit in the Public Lands Survey System.) In Texas, the vara chain of 2 varas (55.556 ft) was used in surveying Spanish land grants. In the metric world, surveyors often use a chain of 20 meters (65.617 ft).

Unit Definition (mile [survey, US])
A non metric unit of length; a statute mile, used for distances over land, is defined as 5280 ft.; a nautical mile, used for distances along the surface of the oceans, is defined as one minute of arc measured along the equator, which equals 6080.27 fit or 1.1516 statute miles.

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